What is Chlamydia?
Chlamydia is one of the most commonly reported sexually transmitted disease (STD). Chlamydia is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia Trachomatis. This bacteria can infect the cervix in women and the urethra and rectum in both men and women. Occasionally Chlamydia can also affect other parts of the body, including the throat and eyes. Chlamydia often has no symptoms, especially among women. If left untreated, Chlamydia can cause serious problems later in life.
Most people who have Chlamydia don’t know it since the disease often has no symptoms. Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD in the United States. Sexually active females 25 years old and younger need testing every year.
- An increase in vaginal discharge
- The need to urinate more frequently, or pain while passing urine
- Pain during sexual intercourse or bleeding after sex
- Lower abdominal pains
- Irregular menstrual bleeding.
Easy to cure, Chlamydia can impact a woman’s ability to have children if left untreated.
How is Chlamydia tested?
Testing for Chlamydia is the only way to find out for certain whether a person is infected. A woman can provide a urine sample or a swab can be taken from the vagina and sent to a laboratory. Results for the Chlamydia test are usually available within one week.
How is Chlamydia treated?
The treatment of Chlamydia is simple and effective once the infection has been diagnosed. It consists of a short course of antibiotic tablets, which if taken correctly, can be more than 95 percent effective. Treatment must not be interrupted once a course of antibiotics has been started, otherwise it may be necessary to start again from the beginning.
Our doctors will discuss the Chlamydia infection and answer any questions. They will also ask about any partners the patient has had sexual contact with in the past six months, as they may also have Chlamydia and will need to get treated.
It is important that the patient returns for a check-up once the treatment has been completed.
The patient should not have penetrative sex until they have received a negative test result following the check-up.