Withdrawal & Sterilization
Neither withdrawal nor sterilizations prevent transmission of sexually transmitted diseases.
- Withdrawal involves the removal of the erect penis from the vagina prior to ejaculation
- Female sterilization involves the surgical closing of the fallopian tubes which carry the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. This procedure is referred to as a tubal ligation.
What is tubal ligation?
Tubal ligation (sterilization) is a surgical method to block a woman’s fallopian tubes. Tubal is a permanent form of birth control. After this procedure, eggs cannot move from the ovary through the tubes (a woman has two fallopian tubes), and eventually to the uterus. Also, sperm cannot reach the egg in the fallopian tube after it is released by the ovary. That is how pregnancy is prevented. This procedure is also called tubal ligation or you are said to have your “tubes tied”.
What is Essure?
Essure is a method of sterilization that does not require surgery or anesthesia. It could be done in the doctor’s office and takes about 10 minutes. A small flexible insert is put into each fallopian tube through the vagina, cervix and uterus. Once in place, scar tissue forms around the coils blocking off the fallopian tubes and preventing sperm from reaching the egg. It takes time for this to happen. So you must use another form of birth control for the first three months. You’ll then have an X-ray to confirm that your fallopian tubes are blocked. Essure procedure is not reversible.
What is a vasectomy?
Male sterilization involves the surgical closing of tubes that carry sperm. This procedure is referred to as male sterilization.